My guide to perfect Korean dumplings – aka mandu

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Dumplings are awesome.

Why? Because inside a thin pastry wrapper, you can hide almost ANY ingredient, mixed into a luscious little meatball that can then be cooked in almost any fashion. The wrapper makes sure all the flavour stays trapped inside so you don’t lose any moisture or nutrients and paired with a good dipping sauce, can be served as a side dish, snack or main!

And hey, talk about variety! Those familiar with Korean food will know that even the most basic meal has a number of different “banchan” to ensure different flavours, ingredients and textures can be enjoyed in the one meal. How about putting all that into every single bite?


Back in the early days of this blog (2007), I put up a pretty awesome family recipe for Korean dumplings (Mandu) that we’ve used and loved for many many years. Unfortunately, store-bought mandu tend to lack decent flavour or texture, and are an incredibly poor representation of what should be a fabulous dish. For this reason, my mother has always made huge batches of mandu for the freezer for us to enjoy. Whether in rice cake soup, just steamed or pan-fried, we never say “no” to these delights so it pays to make them in bulk and have them in the freezer to satisfy our dumpling cravings, or even when we want a quick and hearty dish in a flash.

But looking over that post now, I thought I could do a bit better to help instruct you, my readers, on how to make these beauties – so read on for a comprehensive guide on how to make your very own mandu!


“Mandu”, aka Korean Dumplings

Mandu Ingredients (makes approx. 100)
500g pork mince
300g dried tofu
2x medium-sized eggs
100g garlic chives or spring onion, finely chopped
1 heaped tsp minced ginger
4-6 tsp minced garlic
1/4 cup mirin
250g mung bean shoots
6 large leaves of napa cabbage (also called chinese cabbage) *
1-2 tbsp dark sesame oil (Asian sesame oil)
1x 500g pk dumpling skins (preferably gowzee/gowgee or gyoza)
1 egg white, lightly beaten
Large freezer bags
Freezer-safe plates or trays

Dipping Sauce
2 parts soy sauce
1 part rice vinegar
Toasted sesame oil (optional)
Cracked pepper (optional)
Korean dried chilli powder (optional)
Finely sliced spring onion (optional)

1. Thoroughly wash your bean shoots, and bring a large pot of water to a rolling boil. Once the water is boiling, add the bean shoots and blanch for about 1-2 minutes, or till soft enough to bend in half but not mushy.


2. Once the bean shoots are blanched, drain but do not rinse with cold water as this causes them to get soggy and laden with water. Allow them to cool completely in a colander, tossing occasionally to shake off any water. Once cool, roughly dice into 2-3cm lengths and set aside.


3. Rinse the napa cabbage leaves, then bring another pot of water to a rolling boil. Add the cabbage leaves and blanch for about 3-4 minutes, or till the base of each leaf is *just* tender enough to pierce with a fingernail or chopstick. Drain well and allow to completely cool.

Cut the base off each leaf, then cut into a rough 1cm dice and set aside.


4. Drain the firm tofu, then break into a mince with a potato masher/ricer/food mill. Make sure there are no large lumps left.


5. Taking small handfuls of the bean shoots, squeeze out as much water as possible from the entire batch and add to the tofu. Do the same with the cabbage, then add all the remaining ingredients and mix well to combine evenly. mandu05

Once the filling is made, it can be filled into any white dumpling wrappers (gyoza or gowee/gowgee) and folded however you like – to be cooked and enjoyed straight away or frozen for future consumption. Read on for my instructions on how to fold and how to best store/freeze dumplings!

How to fold dumplings

There are many different ways of folding dumplings, and each shape has it’s good and bad points. The below instructions show you how to fold in my favourite shape, which lends itself to both panfrying and holds up well during steaming or boiling!

1. Place a teaspoon of filling in the centre of the dumpling wrapper, then dip a finger in the egg white and run it around the edges.


2. Pinch the two sides together by the centre, then grab a little of the wrapper next to the centre, fold it in on itself and press firmly to join.


3. Grab a little pastry next to the first fold, then fold it in on itself and press firmly to stick. You can usually get 3 or 4 folds to either side of the centre join, depending on the size of the wrapper and how much filling you’ve put in!


4. Swap to the next side and repeat, making sure to try and keep even spacing between each of the folds for neat presentation – though it makes no difference to flavour if they’re a bit wonky :)


5. Ta-da! One beautifully folded dumpling!


While you can leave the uncooked dumplings on a tray for half an hour or so, if you need to leave them out for longer then make sure to cover them with a damp teatowel so they don’t dry out! Unfortunately, dumpling pastry that has dried out cannot be rescued and will stay tough even when cooked. However, if you want these for the freezer, then you can use my mother’s handy tip for storage –


The Kitchen Wench way of freezing dumplings!

One problem with freezing uncooked dumplings is that they can stick to the plate or tray that you’re freezing them on, making them difficult to remove and potentially causing issues with torn wrappers when you try and remove them. And god forbid you bag them before they’re frozen – this will cause them to freeze together into one solid mound so you have to cook all of them at once, or none at all :(

Our way of overcoming that issue is to bag them before they are frozen! Place a plate or small tray inside a clean plastic bag, then arrange the dumplings on top so they are barely touching – as below.


Place the plate or tray inside the freezer, then allow to freeze solid (takes about 20 minutes). Once they are frozen rock hard, pull the bottom of the plastic bag (underneath the plate) over the top of the dumplings. Remove the plate, pull up – and you’ve got a bag of frozen dumplings! Tie the top up, and place the bag in the freezer – all done!


As you can see, this method comes in particularly handy when, for example, you’re a bit crazy like me and decide to make 200 dumplings in one day :)

Oh – and as for how to best cook them? My favourite way is pan-fried! However, you can’t just pan-fry dumplings as you’ll often find that the filling hasn’t cooked through by the time that the pastry is golden. You could always boil/steam them first then pan-fry them for texture, but this usually results in a dumpling that is wrinkled and lumpy all over, not to mention that the pastry will stick to the pan.

The best way to pan-fry dumplings is to fry – then steam – then fry again. The first fry ensures the pastry doesn’t expand or change shape too much, the steam cooks the filling, and the second fry restores that crunch and texture! Though it sounds really complicated, it’s actually easier than you think!



1. Pan fry the dumplings till golden.

2. Fill the frying pan with enough water so it covers the bottom with about 1 cm of water. Place a  lid over the top and allow to steam till the water has evaporated.

3. Since the steaming has made the pastry soggy, leave the dumplings on the heat to crispen up. They may have stuck to the pan when steamed, but given a few extra minutes, the skins will firm up to the point that they can be easily removed again.

4. Serve with dipping sauce on the side and enjoy!


  1. Could you replace the tofu?

  2. Lizzy (Good Things)
    Twitter: bizzylizzycooks

    Your dumplings look great! Thanks for sharing.
    Lizzy (Good Things) recently posted..In My Kitchen April 2013

  3. If I weren’t temporarily carbfree I’d make “@kitchenwench: Korean dumplings that I made over the weekend for lunch

  4. I always freeze my dumplings on a tray, lined with non-stick baking paper. Once they are frozen, keep them in plastic bags.

  5. Thx 😉 … although i want to try them with the tofu i just don’t know what the flavour then would be because i have never worked with it.

    • Ahh! Well in this particular recipe, so long as you make sure to mash the tofu very firmly, there will actually be no tofu flavour – it just serves to make the dumpling filling a little looser so it isn’t just a firm little meatball, in the style of the Chinese dumpling fillings :)

  6. Amanda
    Twitter: lambsearshoney

    I’m very fond of dumplings, but am way too lazy to do all the fiddly stuff to make them. These look fantastic – maybe I’ll just hang around your place next time you make a big batch!
    Amanda recently posted..Celebrating Regional Food & its Producers at Terroir in the Lovely Clare Valley

  7. Would it be possible to just use tofu, to make them vegetarian, or would that make the filling too loose?

    • Unfortunately just tofu would be too loose as a filling, but there’s no reason that you can’t get creative! Try adding some minced mushroom and some corn starch to help bind it together and that should work :)

      • I made a vegetarian version as you suggested: I fried diced button mushrooms and shiitake mushrooms, allowed it to cool, added this to the tofu and other ingredients, then added cornstarch until the texture was right. They turned out perfectly! Thank you very much Ellie for this great recipe! :)

  8. Now I have a hankering for dumplings and it’s only 7:30 AM!
    Holiday Baker Man recently posted..Cherry-Streusel Coffee Cake – Secretary’s Day 2013

  9. @beau_rule @anna_chica @JaseOz MANDOO DUMPLINGS! from @kitchenwench

  10. Fry, steam, fry! These dumplings sound amazing! If I can make them right, I think my dad will quit ordering them at the restaurant. Thanks!

  11. Those are some tasty looking dumplings!
    Kevin @ Closet Cooking recently posted..Taco Grilled Cheese Sandwich

  12. The good – I heart mandu
    The bad – Now you have shown me how to make unlimited amounts of them!
    Deborah Dowd recently posted..NYC, Here They Come Again – Dowds Are Taking Manhattan

  13. Hi Ellie!

    My name is Erin and I stumbled upon your website after searching for a bulgogi recipe on the interwebzz. I am half-Korean, and while my mom made Korean food for us all the time, I never learned how to make it myself.

    I tried both your bulgogi and mandu recipes over the weekend, and OMG. OMGGGG!!! They both turned out AMAZING. We grilled the bulgogi on our charcoal grill, and I have a great batch of cute dumplings in my freezer just waiting for the next occasion to show them off (though they may not last that long! NOMNOM!). I can’t wait to fix them for my Umma–she will be so proud. :)

    Thank you, thank you, thank you, for your wonderful blog and recipes, and for helping this kid get in touch with a bit of her heritage. I can’t wait to try more of your goodies. Thank you again. :)

    All the best!

  14. @kitchenwench, Thanks for this perfect recipe for Korean dumplings – aka mandu! – #KoreanFood #mandu

  15. Love that these are a great make ahead dish. Great tutorial.
    Wizzy recently posted..This is why I am not a vegetarian.

  16. Mary Roy says:

    Hi, when pan frying, do you drain off the oil, before you add the water? thanks…..

    • no need, put enough oil/sesame oil in the wok to coat, watch heat so just below burning, and keep the mandu moving. flip the wok! that’s what the curve is for. throw the mandu to the far side with a quick shove, jerk back with a tweak [wok with wooden handle is best!] and they’ll flip over. keep it moving! til it’s time to steam them. Ellie, i use xiaoshing chiu but i don’t know what melbourne’s sauciest k-chef uses :)

      • Mary Roy says:

        Hi Rohan, can’t wait to ‘confidently’ cook my next batch of dumplings, and thanks for those wonderfully clear pictures you painted….

  17. I’m starving on this. Could you please give me some. I think I wanna fly now to Korea on this. Damn! Looks really delicious!

  18. ellie! your mandu look exquisite. so glad to see you are as busy as ever :) LONG TIME!!

  19. Morsonmuki says:

    Is there some recipe for the mandu’s ‘skin’? They dont sell those in here, and i would like to try these ;__;

  20. James In Footscray says:

    Ellie suggests store-bought dumplings are usually disappointing – are there any brands people would recommend as not too bad?

  21. Stevo Grubor says:

    Now I have a hankering for dumplings and it’s only 7:30 AM!

  22. I’m attempting to make mandu today, it’s intimidating and foreign but so dang delicious. I won’t lie, I searched high and low in three grocery stores for frozen before deciding that I should just bite the bullet and make it instead of further fruitless searching. Ironic that it is easier to find frozen mandu in the US than in Malaysia. :)

    Anyway, I wrote all that to say, I read A LOT of recipes today. Confused myself a bunch of times, then read some more. And yours, by far, was the best written and shown. Thank you thank you thank you!

    I am now far less intimidated and so much more excited for mandus tonight!! :)
    racheal recently posted..Week 18: Where Feet May Fail.


  1. […]  My mandu are a bit awkwardly-shaped with liquid coming out on some of them.  I looked at this article to get tips on how to fold and put the mandu […]

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